In terms of policy, the recommendations have been reached based on various surveys and studies conducted by the National Educational Research and Training Board (NCERT). It collected data from 3,624 students and 2,992 parents from 352 schools, including central schools and state government schools, it said. The survey found that children up to class IV carry bags of 2 to 3 kg heavier than the universally accepted weight habit of 10% of body weight. And the burden of bags in the upper classes is even greater.
Survey findings indicate that textbooks (500g to 3.5kg), notebooks (200g to 2.5kg), lunchboxes (200g to 1kg) and water bottles (200g to 1kg) are the most burdensome. It was found to vary from 1 kg.
Based on these and other findings, the ‘Policy on School Bag 2020’ has made 11 recommendations on the weight of bags. Apart from limiting the overall weight of the bags to 10% of the student’s body weight, the policy recommends that all students have sufficient quality mid-day meal and drinking water so that students do not have to carry or reduce lunch boxes or water bottles of its size.
The policy recommends that two textbooks be provided to children with special needs (CWSN), through book banks in schools and lockers in classrooms to be used to store and retrieve books and other materials for students with disabilities.
Policy “Based on research studies conducted in this area, the recommendations of international agencies regarding the standard weight of school bags. The universally accepted weight ratio for school body bags is recommended to be 10% of student body weight in grades 1 through 10.”
Schools have been told to place a digital weighing machine on the school premises and regularly monitor the weight of school bags. “The school bag needs to be regularly monitored and reviewed at school. For this, every school must have a digital weighing machine on the school premises. ”
The policy of recommending Class A school bag weight states that there should be no bags in pre-primary, the weight limit for classes I and II should be between 1.6 kg to 2.2 kg Wisely it is from 1.7 kg to 2.5 kg, 2 kg to 3 kg, 2.5 to 4 kg, 2.5 kg to 4.5 kg and 3.5 kg to 5 kg and Class I and II, Classes III to 5, Classes VI and VII, Class VIII, Classes IX and X And classes XI and XII.
“School bags should be lightweight with proper compartments and should have two pads and adjustable straps that can fit squarely on both shoulders. Children should not be allowed wheeled carriers as they have difficulty climbing the stairs,” the policy document said.
The survey found that homework also varies from 0 to 2 hours per day for I-II classes, and from 2 to 5 hours for class III.
For students, especially when planning a high-level curriculum or study course, recommends that total study time be counted as classroom and self-study or homework, policy is any homework for class II and maximum two hours for classes III to V And for classes IX and above shall not exceed two hours per day.
The document states, “Since children in 1st and 2nd grade are too young to do homework, they are not required to do any homework. Instead, they should be encouraged in class to talk about how they spent their evenings at home and at games.
Students in grades 3, 4 and 5 should be given a maximum of two hours of homework per week. It suggested that teachers should ask “every child an evening routine, a dinner they had taken the previous night – their likes and dislikes about food items, ingredients, different foods, who would do the homework.”
For grades 6 through 8, homework should be a maximum of one hour per day. “At this stage, children develop a habit of sitting for a while, so they can be given homework, such as writing a story, essay or article on contemporary topics; Writing an article on area issues; Electricity and petrol saving measures, among other things, ”the policy said.
While sharing the report, the MOE in November last week appealed to state governments to adopt the relevant suggestions for school bag policy and the National Education Policy (NEP 2020) and compliance report can be shared with the ministry.